The extruder with preconditioner is designed for production of:
- high quality full-fat soybean meal and grain extrudates
- Preconditioning is an important stage in technological process; its purpose is moisturizing and heating of ground soybeans by hot dry steam with pressure of 0.2-0.5 MPa and a temperature of 110-130 ° C. Under this influence raw material is softened and heated to 65-75 °C. The usage of steam-conditioning for raw material, increases the production capacity of extruder, improves the quality of full-fat soybean meal and reduces the wear of the working parts of the extruder for about 20%
- energy consumption is reduced: thanks to additional part of energy we’ve got with the steam, energy consumption is double decreased
- high quality of final products
- low level of urease in extruded soy to 0.1-0.2 pH
- low level of anti-nutritional soy factors such as trypsin inhibitors to 10-15%
- the digestibility of soy protein is increased
soybeans, corn, wheat and other grain crops, preliminary crushed in a hammer mill
|Capacity for soybean processing, kg / hour:||1700|
|Installed power (without steam), not more than, kW:||90|
|Moisture of raw material, %:||11-12|
|Moisture content, %:||15-16|
|Steam consumption per 1 kg of feed, kg:||0,08|
|Water pressure, MPa (kg/cm²):||0,2 – 0,6 (2-6)|
|The vapor pressure supplied to the extruder, MPa (kg/cm²):||0,3 – 0,6 (3–6)|
|Steam temperature K (°C):||393 – 443 (120-140)|
|The temperature in the working zone of the extruder, K (° C):||363 (90)|
|Water consumption, not more, l/h:||40|
|Weight (without steam), kg:||2500|
Preliminary crushed soybeans or other grain crops are supplied into hopper and preconditioner of extruder.
The preconditioner is a component that pre-heats, moistures and at the same time mixes and injects hot steam into raw material. Dry steam pressure is 0.2-0.5 MPa and temperature – 110-130 °C. The raw material is softened and heated to 65-75 °C.
Preconditioning increases the production capacity of extruder, improves the quality of raw material and reduces the wear of the working parts over 20%.
Extrusion is a process of thermal treatment, sterilization, dehydration, texturing and granulating of the final product.
Raw material is heated by steam during a short-term (4-6 sec.) and pressed to 30 atmospheres. During the time of thermal process (which is less than 6 seconds) the protein and lysine content is not reduced.
Moisture is vaporized and starch cells are ruptured and availability of carbohydrates action of digestive enzymes is increased. In the process of extrusion the amount of protein increases.
The output of finished product increased by 3.4% compared to dry extrusion. After extrusion with preconditioning, for example full-fat soya does not require any drying.
Short but intensive heat, moisture and pressure is an effective way to destroy salmonella and other pathogenic bacteria, fungi and mould.